My Writing History 214

This was one of my favorite classes. It’s the History of The Pacific Northwest. I really enjoyed this class. Even during this time I was going through a medication change and a severe amount of depression. I struggled to do this class. I’m surprised I didn’t fail it. I did the work to the best of my ability throughout the quarter. When I told the teacher about my mental health problems at the time, she showed immense compassion towards me. I really appreciated her understanding during that time. I’m taking her Anthropology class next quarter and I’m excited about it! At least this time I should be better emotionally lol I think the most intense part of everything has passed, hopefully.  


Hello everyone, I was born and raised in the pacific northwest. I’ve lived all over Washington and north Idaho until I was 14 then we moved here to Spokane and I’ve been here ever since. I was out of school for 13 years before I decided to go back to school. I was inspired to go back cause of my parents going back to school and decided that I want to as well. I’m currently going to school to be a library technician. I enrolled in this class because I don’t feel I know enough history about the pacific northwest. I want to learn more about what the people had to go through to survive through the years. How settlers came to be here and in all have more knowledge about where I live. 


Stephanie Morante 

I wanted to learn more about the culture I live in and I felt that this course would satisfy that curiosity. As I said in the discussion, I don’t feel like I know enough about the area. I didn’t realize we’d be learning about the political aspect of the area, so I find that interesting. Other than that, I feel that this course will help me to learn more about the culture I live and grew up in. 


I’ve always thought of the Pacific northwest being Washington, Idaho, and Oregon territories. I’ve always identified the boundaries like that cause that’s what I was told as I grew up here in the pacific northwest. It’s what the teachers told us in elementary school. What I always thought symbolized the pacific northwest was the bald eagle. I remember when I was younger, I went on a field trip to watch them. We were on a tour of the Coure D’ Alene river and that’s when we saw an eagle dive down and take a fish out of the water. It’s hard for that to be the only symbol to represent the pacific northwest. The animals and the greenery of the states have always been symbols to me. If I had to choose something outside of animals, then it would be coffee. Mostly because I’m from Seattle, WA and there’s coffee everywhere. 


The fur trade was a way for natives and non-natives to trade without fighting for what the other wanted. The natives quickly learned how to get non-natives to pay more for what they wanted. Natives wanted to make it more desirable for themselves, “many Indians were able to shape the trade so that it took place largely on their terms” (Findley textbook Chapter 5). It was a political way to take charge of what they felt was rightfully theirs. Native Americans have longed known the terrain of the lands around them. They knew how to navigate it to get the furs that non-native people desired. Non-native’s wanted to use the trade business to their advantage politically and tried to take over, so to speak, the trade in the area. The HBC was a successful fur trading company that did everything in its power to stay in business even to the point of causing the near extinction of the sea otter, then turned their sights to other animals of the lands. 


Stephanie Morante 

History 214 

1 February 2020 

I decided to do an type of advertisement that would have been done back then. From the readings this is what most of them imply towards farmers or those who wish to farm. The farmer could travel there buy land for cheap, have plenty to do to buy and sell. The towns are to be desired and the scenery is wonderful.  

Coming to the Pacific Northwest will allow farmers to freely do as they please on their land. That it’s their land and they don’t have to answer to no one. Farmers can buy land for cheap and have it flourish due to exceptional soil. The land will benefit from the harvest every year and the harvest will increasingly become better. Farmers don’t have to travel far to buy or sell. The farmer is the backbone of the country. The scenery will take a persons breath away. The lush land and water will help supply the farmer with all their needs. Animals will have plenty to graze on and streams to drink from. There are schools, shops, churches a plenty and access to the rain road is easy. The farmer could prosper in the Pacific Northwest.  

“The Northwest and The Great Northwest: A Guide-Book and Itinerary.” The Northwest 15 January 1883:8. Center for the Study of the Pacific Northwest, University of Washington, Materials/Reading the Region/Writing Home/Texts/5.html. 1 February 2020 


The articles I used were not scholarly journals they were news articles found on ProQuest.  

The Grand Coulee dam was a major project that construction took place in the 1933 until 1942. “New Deal public works projects included Bonneville and Grand Coulee dams on the Columbia River” (Vetter). It was a massive project but with drastic consequences to the native peoples of the area and to the salmon runs. The Native tribes of the areas used to gather together and fish for the salmon during the salmon migration. Lacking fish ladders on the dam had ultimately ended the fish runs for the natives (Dan Hansen). The ones who proposed the project didn’t think about the environmental consequences more they thought about what could benefit people who suffered from the depression. It also displaced the Natives living in the area due to the flooding from the dam causing Lake Roosevelt to form. “The Colville Confederated Tribes had to move their school at their own expense, lost telephone service along the shore that was not restored until 1975, and ended up getting stuck, for a long while, with some of the highest electricity rates in the U.S.” (Travel). Sense the opening of the dam it has caused the salmon to reduce in numbers drastically. In “the 1940 ‘Ceremony of Tears’ that marked the loss of the salmon” for the natives who gathered there for the yearly salmon runs (Kramer). People hope to try and make it to where there is fish ladders put in place on the dam for the preservation of the salmon. Though, there was a time when the levels went so low that the trout were able to spawn and make their way up the river. Those times the river gets so low it shows “the lake’s lowest level was 1,255 feet. Few fish were lost, and from late fall through the early winter, the fishing for rainbows was good” (Rich Landers). The fishing for the trout was so good people came from far and wide to fish. There’s going to continue to be controversy surrounding the dam whether a person is against or for the dam. Though, it can’t be denied that sense the dam’s construction and being put to work has caused a great deal of environmental hardships.   


Kramer, Becky. “Tribes End Canoe Journey at Kettle Falls, Celebrate Hope of Salmon’s Return.” TCA Regional News, Jun 19, 2016. ProQuest

Rich Landers The Spokesman-Review. “PANEL STUDIES SALMON RECOVERY: [SPOKANE EDITION].” Spokesman Review, Mar 11, 1999, pp. C1. ProQuest

Travel, Kristi G. S. S. t. “DAM PROUD GRAND COULEE DAM STANDS ABOVE THE REST IN SIZE AND STATURE: [SPOKANE EDITION].” Spokesman Review, May 09, 1999, pp. H3. ProQuest

Vetter, Susan. ” US History and Background: 1930s, Great Depression and New Deal.” History of the Pacific Northwest, Spokane Community College Online Class, Date of reading, 


Stephanie Morante  

History 214 

3 March 2020 

I remember that you wanted a summery if the answers were too long. My mom knows how to talk so I summarized the interview. I’m sorry I posted the summery in the discussion instead of sending it to you.  

To prepare for this interview, I looked into things such as the spotted owl and what happened at Ruby Ridge. I learned about Ruby Ridge last quarter in English while reading the book Educated by Tara Westover. I was talking to my mom about it, and she said we moved over to the north Idaho area not long after it happened. I looked into the Spotted Owl controversy due to my dad having a construction business and thought it might’ve effected it. Finding out how much it affected workers was pretty astonishing. I know I found things in the readings, but I can’t think of where I saw something. I guess I should’ve kept better notes on things. Finding out how much the environmental impact had on my dad’s business was appealing. I didn’t know about the spotted owl controversy until I searched about the logging in Washington state. Some of the things I asked my mom because she always talked about how her grandmother used to take her to different places around Seattle. I also asked her questions of why they did the jobs they did, including the mushroom picking. She’s always talked about how fantastic the crabbing and fishing were before all the pollution. I won’t lie; I didn’t do a whole lot of looking into things until after the interview. I asked my questions based on what I read in the weekly readings and what I remember from while growing up in the area.  

I interviewed my mother.  

Where were you born? 

Seattle, WA, on December 3, 1966, to Frances Irvin and Floyd Irvin. Both her parents were adopted, but our adopted family is quite large.  

Is your family from here? 

Yes, far as she knows due to her parents being adopted but her adopted family is from here. My Great Grandmother was the oldest of 16, and my great grandfather was the youngest of 15. I found out in my adopted family; my great uncle was a member of the Coulee family that worked on the Great Coulee Dam.  

What made you want to live and stay here? 

The Pacific Northwest is home, and she can’t see herself living anywhere else; she loves the area. 

What is your definition of the PNW? 

What is your earliest childhood memories? 

She remembers getting into an argument with her brother and that the latter to their bunk bed went through the window. Also always going to Mariners games with her grandmother at the Kingdome. She knows she always went to the fairs with her grandmother but isn’t sure if she went to the worlds fair in the 70s.  

What sort of work have you done here in the PNW? 

She’s made truck straps, been a CAN, sewed backpacks, picked mushrooms, and her longest job was owning a janitorial business for 18 years and in those 18 years she’s only had 56 days off. She’s cleaned all the city buildings in Coeur D’Alene and some private businesses in Post Falls, Idaho. She’s worked at ZIPS restaurant.   

How do you feel about the fishing and crabbing in the PNW? 

It was really good when she was younger. She remembers jigging for bait for fish. Also you used to be able to see into the water crystal clear and watch a crab walk right into the traps. Now you can’t see that and she finds it very sad.  

What about the pollution of water of the area’s you’ve lived in? 

It’s sad how the water used to be bright and clear and now it’s so murky. She remembers when you didn’t have to worry about where your fish or shellfish came from that it was safe. And now the mercury in the water that effects the fish is astonishing. People need to do more to help the environment that it’s not going to last forever.  

Moving from the west coast Washington to north Idaho was there a drastic difference in racial diversity?  

It was shocking and that she came from a place where no one batted an eye to another person’s color of skin or religion. When she moved to north Idaho it was a culture shock as how different it was with people’s points of view. She found it hard to believe how few people of color she came in contact was.  

The what racial controversy was with the KKK in the area’s you’ve lived in? 

She remembers going into a auto store and hearing a man go on a tirade about people of color and the other men just went along with him. She said she kept silent because she could tell he wasn’t someone to piss off. But she was appalled at the whole situation. She remembers they used to put fliers on their cars trying to recruit people. That they had no idea how close we lived to the compound until they went into a drive way to turn around and they came out with guns pointed at them.  

What about what happened with Ruby Ridge? 

It’s sad and she feels it should’ve never happened. That those involved should’ve made better choices in handling it situation.  

Do you feel there’s was a surplus rise of the populations in the area and when do you think it become more prominent? 

Yes, she remembers when they had to keep adding to the highway in Seattle until it was 5 lanes. That there was a car pool lane and people would put dummies in the passenger seat just so it looked like they had another person in the car with them.  

What do you think of the environmental impact with logging? 

It’s sad and that she feels there should be more done about replanting forests. That there needs to be done to help preserve the environment.  

Do you remember the Spotted owl controversy during the time dad was building houses in Bremerton during the early 90s? 

She vaguely remembers dad talking about it and that it drove up the prices of wood for his construction business. They had friends that would recommend jobs to my dad so we could make it.  

Was it about the early 90s that you started picking mushrooms in the forests?  

Yes, though it wasn’t due to the Spotted Owl controversy. It was because my dad made a deal to build a house off of word of mouth and didn’t have a written contract signed. The guy said my dad didn’t do it the way he wanted and refused to pay him. They had no choice but to file bankruptcy they had enough money to pay their employees and that was it.  

What is one thing a person should experience here in the PNW? 

Pike Place market and seeing Puget Sound. Everyone here will do what they can to help out another especially if they don’t have what you’re looking for. They will almost always tell you where you can find it.  

That is the gist of what I asked my mother. I wrote down a lot but I don’t feel I took enough notes of what she said she does know how to talk.  

Coates, James. “Idaho Siege might Fuel Neo-Nazis: [CITY EDITION].” Chicago Tribune (pre-1997 Fulltext), Aug 30, 1992, pp. 3. ProQuest

Foster, David. “Living with the Spotted Owl; Pacific Northwest Learns to Cope After Logging Ban: [FINAL Edition].” The Gazette, May 03, 1995. ProQuest



(It showed in my one drive I turned this in last. I think I just forgot to change the date on it.) 

Stephanie Morante    

History 214  

25 January 2020  

There has been a great deal of things that have happened historically in the Pacific Northwest from 1780s to the 1880s. The Europeans found it odd that the natives of the Americas didn’t have a hierarchical structure in their communities. The European settlers wanted to force their thoughts, beliefs, and ways of life onto the Natives. The natives were commonly known as Indians, they had different cultures and beliefs that separated them from each tribe. The tribes, “While no one can deny the influence of environment on culture, remember that culture is a unique human adaptation that allows the same species (Homo sapiens sapiens) to live in radically different climates by modifying that environment” (Vetter). The Indians had little no immunity to the diseases that swept the European nations. When the Europeans came in contact with the Indians, they brought with them the destructive force of diseases. The Europeans made the laws that all men were created equal and the lives lost in the civil war to fight for that belief it wasn’t till the late nineteenth century that the country struggled to meet and fulfill that promise to the people of America. America was discovered and inhabited by Indians and was re-founded by the Europeans, it was named the Americas and the people of the Americas strove to find their successes in life by utilizing its natural resources.  

The fur trade was a profitable and established profession. I was considered the soft gold of the pacific northwest. “The region was exploited solely for its fur resources” (Vetter). This trading lasted from the 1780s to the 1840s. The United states hoped to cease the rights and capitalize on this industry they felt they could gain a great deal from (Vetter). From the 1790s and up until 1812 after the war European and Americans traded with the Native Americans at places like Nootka Sound (Vetter). The natives did what they could to make what they felt was a profit. They felt that some goods from the American and European settlers they could benefit from such as guns, cloth, and precious metals. Many white settlers relied on Natives of the lands for trapping animals for furs. The natives knew a great deal more about the terrain and could navigate it effortlessly. Eventually, “the fur trade evolved from an economic activity into a social and cultural one that generated a distinctive way of life” (Vetter). To the natives they were trading for the goods that would benefit their families. To the European settlers they were gaining the goods they wanted to sell. The European settlers wanted to monopolize what they could with the areas they had so to speak “conquered and discovered”. Even though,” The fur trade era witnessed the destruction of Indian cultures not by war but by disease. Despite the dangers of infection, Indians cooperated with whites in the mutually beneficial fur enterprise” (Vetter). Indian’s felt that the mutual trades with the Europeans benefitted their people.  

The railroad was one of the major industrializations of the early Americas that jump started the immigration of people to the Pacific Northwest. The railroad we completed in 1869 when the Union Pacific and Central Pacific connected the two railroads with a gold spike (Vetter). The opening of the railway into the Pacific Northwest led to the opening of the markets for new products to be brought in and sent out. “Railroads accelerated the pace of exploitation of the Pacific Northwest’s natural resources” (Vetter). 

Vetter, Susan. “US History and Background.” History of the Pacific Northwest, Spokane Community College Online Class, 26 January 2020, 

Vetter, Susan. “American Claim to the PNW and the Fur Trade.” History of the Pacific Northwest, Spokane Community College Online Class, 26 January 2020, 

Vetter, Susan. “Indian Women (Sacajawea) and the Fur Trade.” History of the Pacific Northwest, Spokane Community College Online Class, 26 January 2020, 

Vetter, Susan. “Native Peoples and the Arrival of World Capitalism.” History of the Pacific Northwest, Spokane Community College Online Class, 26 January 2020, 

Vetter, Susan. “Northern Pacific Railway.” History of the Pacific Northwest, Spokane Community College Online Class, 26 January 2020, 

Vetter, Susan. “The Pacific Northwest’s Extractive Economy.” History of the Pacific Northwest, Spokane Community College Online Class, 26 January 2020, 

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